Project information

Pawaga Sustainable Development Programme Phase II

The Pawaga Sustainable Development Programme is designed to bring clean water, improved sanitation and health and hygiene education to 45,000 people living in a semi-arid area of Iringa district, Tanzania. Phase II will serve the remaining 6 of 14 villages.

July 2011 - June 2014

Charity information

Christian Engineers in Development

Christian Engineers in Development logo
  • Need


    Conditions in the Pawaga area of Tanzania, where temperatures are high and rainfall low, are harsh for the 15,935 people (expected to rise to 22,500 by 2026) in the 6 villages not served by Phase 1, for whom this is home. It is a malarial area and the only permanent source of water is the heavily contaminated Little Ruaha River. In addition sanitation is inadequate and there is a general lack of awareness of health and hygiene issues, hence general health and productivity are poor.


    The Phase I distribution main and treatment works will be expanded. This involves laying 56km of pipe and constructing13 storage tanks. Domestic water points will be provided in each village. The project will also include community health/hygiene seminars, and groups of women from each village will be trained in the construction of concrete pit latrine slabs, enabling them to continue as small businesses after project completion. Community members will be actively involved in construction work.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    Clean water is supplied to domestic points within 400m of each household in each of the six villages


    » Appoint Project Manager and other staff.
    » Purchase equipment.
    » Construct: extension to existing treatment works and delivery main, 13 storage tanks and distribution systems for six villages.

    Success will be...
    Potable water is available at all taps 90% of the time, verified by regular testing of water quality by treatment works operatives and Water User's Committee.

    Aim 2

    Community members take ownership of project; women are empowered and capacity of the community built


    » Mobilise: Mobilise community, set up site office and locate store.
    » Establish a competent Water Users Association Committee, 50% of whose members are women.

    Success will be...
    Sufficient volunteer labour is available when required and 50% of the Water User's Committee are women.

    Aim 3

    Community members have good grasp of health/hygiene issues; all households have and use a latrine.


    » Conduct seminars on health and hygiene promotion and related topics.
    » Enable women's groups to construct pit latrine covers.

    Success will be...
    Increased knowledge of health and hygiene issues and HIV/Aids and increased use and improvement of latrines, verified by household surveys.

    Aim 4

    All existing households use an impregnated mosquito net.


    » Purchase and distribute impregnated mosquito nets.

    Success will be...
    Reduced incidence of malaria, verified by health clinic records.

  • Impact


    The health of the target community will be greatly improved and this, coupled with easy access to clean water, will result in more time being given to income-generating activites, thus contributing to the economic development of Tanzania.
    Success will be demonstrated by an increase in the number of income generating activites and the general well-being of the community, verified by household surveys and observation and personal interviews conducted by external evaluators.


    Key staff may leave during the project. Incentives will be offered in order to retain staff.
    The budget assumes that VAT will not be paid on purchases such as pipes and cement. Experience shows that obtaining VAT exemption certificates is a lengthy process which can delay work and/or increase costs. This process will therefore begin as soon as possible.
    Community labour may not be available when necessary. Work requiring community input will be programmed to avoid busy times for farmers.


    Donors will receive a 6 monthly report detailing progress and expenditure. They will be noted of any changes to the original project proposal.

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £1,140,000

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      Amount Heading Description
      £300,000 Staff/labour Project Manager, Technicians, masons, labourers and office staff
      £64,000 Equipment Motor cycles and tools
      £554,000 Materials Pipes and fittings, cement, reinforcement etc.
      £165,000 Transport Transporting staff, volunteer labour and materials
      £57,000 Administration Project supervision, evaluation and audit

    Current Funding / Pledges

    Source Amount
    Tearfund £60,000 Conditional
  • Background


    Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, ranking 151 out of 182 countries in the UNDP Human Development Report, 2009. The Pawaga area, in the north eastern corner of Iringa District about 80 km from Iringa town, lies at altitudes of 700m - 800m above sea level. Living conditions are harsh; temperatures are high (order of 40°C at mid-day), rainfall is low (average over last 20 years is 500.14 mm.p/a.) and the health of the local population is poor.


    Immediate beneficiaries will be the current population of nearly 16,000 people, whose health and general well-being will improve. Over the next 20 years it is expected that, as a result of population growth and migration, a further 6,500 people will also benefit. In particular women and girls will be released from the time-consuming task of fetching water and will therefore be freed for more productive tasks.

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    In 2007 we successfully completed the Kilolo Sustainable Development Programme and are currently undertaking Phase I of the Pawaga Sustainable Development Programme, both undertaken in conjunction with our local partner, the Diocese of Ruaha Development Department. Diocesan personnel, in close liaison with the Regional Administration, and Local Government District Officers, implement the programme. CED provides capacity support and overall direction including the disbursement of funding.

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    John Holloway

    John is Director of Operations for CED. He has been responsible for design and supervision of numerous successful water supply schemes in East Africa.

    Martha Mgomi

    Martha will soon take over as Diocesan Development Officer, and by her input to Phase I has shown her capabilities for this work.

    Samuel Ngumbulu

    Superintending Technician, seconded to the project from the District Water Department. Previous projects demonstrate workmanship of a high standard.