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Project information

Improving access to water and sanitation in India

It will improve access to water in remote, tribal communities in India, through installation of appropriate water infrastructure and create awareness among the communities on the issues of open defecation, good sanitation and hygiene and will advocate to government to fund sanitation facilities.

October 2018 - April 2019

Charity information: Frank Water Projects

Frank Water Projects logo
  • Need


    India’s population contains 40% of the world’s poorest billion people, with the World Bank latest statists revealing that 163 million Indians lack access to safe drinking water, 210 million have no access to improved sanitation and 500 children under five die from diarrhea each day. These statistics are worse in tribal communities, where marginalised people spend large amounts of their time and energy collecting water, which is often contaminated and leads to preventable disease and deaths.


    By helping local people understand and address the water and sanitation issues that are affecting them and then helping local people get improved access to water through installation of appropriate water infrastructure that they have planned and helped to install. People will be educated on how to improve sanitation and hygiene through different mediums such as meetings, street plays and posters. Lastly, it will help local communities to advocate for improved support from the Government.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    Improve health of marginalized, tribal communities through the installation of water infrastructure


    » . To conduct a baseline survey and identify spring water resources and testing for suitability.
    » Mobilisation of the community towards to contributing labour and finance to the project.
    » Installation of appropriate water infrastructure in target communities.
    » Construction of community water points to access water.

    What success will look like

    Each of the 4 communities will have access to safe water through community planned and managed water supply systems.

    Aim 2

    To increase the number of households adopting safe water, hygiene and sanitation practices.


    » Organizing street plays in target communities to increase awareness on WASH.
    » To conduct awareness raising workshops for the community on safe water, sanitation and hygiene practices,
    » Introduction and education to all community members about the Clean India Campaign from which they can all apply for funds to build toilets.
    » Support to communities in applying to the Clean India Campaign for funding of toilets.

    What success will look like

    There will be an increase in the number of households adopting safe WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) practices and a reduction in water related illness.

    Aim 3

    To empower the local community to effectively operate and maintain their own water supply system.


    » To form village water committees (including women) who will take overall responsibility for the water supply.
    » To train committees on water system operations and maintenance.
    » To establish village development funds from the community to support maintenance of water supply systems. 
    » To facilitate committee visits to success community water supply projects to enable cross learning.

    What success will look like

    Through the formation of strong water committees who can raise the required funds for ongoing maintenance and management of the systems ensuring sustainability.

    Aim 4

    Meetings held with local councils in 4 villages to advocate for improved support to communities.


    » To develop Micro Level Plans to be used to secure government or other funding for future WASH infrastructure such as toilets and water supply.
    » To conduct five meetings on tribal water supply to be attended by government officials and community representatives.

    What success will look like

    Facilitation of new funding from the government, to support similar tribal communities with the construction on water and sanitary systems.

  • Impact


    Communities will benefit from improved health, education and employment due to improved access to good quality water & sanitation and improved hygiene. Success will be demonstrated by:
    1) Monitoring the number of families accessing increased volumes of water and the time taken to fetch it
    2) Anticipated 10% increase in toilet usage & increased number and % of families filling applications for government funded toilets
    3) Monitoring the number and % of people adopting improved hygiene practices


    1) Rains in June/July may interrupt the project implementation.
    2) Farming could ‘pull’ people away from project construction due to their own work demands.

    Risks will be dealt with by:
    - Assuming slow activities during the ‘monsoon’ season and planned our yearly impacts with this in mind
    - Work with communities to plan the meetings during the slowest periods of the farming calendar.


    FRANK Water will receive quarterly narrative and financial reports on the project detailing the completed, ongoing and forthcoming activities. 6 monthly reports will then
    be prepared and sent to donors and outcomes and case studies communicated via or enewsletters and social media channels

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £21,001

    Loading graph....
      Amount Heading Description
      £15,668 WaterInfrastructure Materials including Piepline and elevations tanks, bore wells, hand pumps and solar motors
      £1,254 Capacity Building Training and workshops and streetplays
      £2,705 Salaries Programme Co-ordinator and travel
      £1,374 Administration General office cost and programme support
  • Background


    The location of the project is Andhra Pradesh, India, where there are 7 districts which contain high tribal populations. They have Vishakapatnam (23.40%), Vizayanagaram (11.36%), Nellore (10.21%), Srikakulam (6.59%), Guntur (5.36%), East Godavari (4.84%), Ananthapur (4.10%). All the tribal communities are located in forests and have become marginalized by their locations in addition to their cultural and economic marginalization.


    4 Banjara tribal communities, who have problems in accessing water and sanitation will benefit from our project (approx 1000 people). The Banjara people are an indigenous tribe of India and are recognized under the Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe (ST) and therefore in need of specific support in areas of development. The Banjara have been marginalized within Indian society however, they have rights to land and services under the Indian Forest Act, which this project aims to actualize.

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    FRANK Water has reached almost 400,000 people with improved water and sanitation over the last 12 years and, in partnership with its partner in India, Bala Vikasa (BV), has successfully supported around 150,000 people by providing water purification projects in 97 rural communities.
    BV has credibility within India as pioneers in designing and implementing community projects and has the experience of reaching 4 million people in 6,500 villages in 6 states of India.

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    Shoury Reddy

    Shoury is the Bala Vikasa CEO and has been successfully working for 25 years with grassroots communities and networking with multi-level stakeholders

    Madhu Reddy

    Bala Vikasa Project Manager. Has worked on water and sanitation projects for over 5 years and has worked extensively with tribal communities

    Jon Shepherd

    FRANK Water Programme Manager & has worked on water and sanitation projects for the last 4 years and previously spent over 10 years working for Oxfam

    Praveena Sridhar

    FRANK Water India Co-ordinator with over 10 years experience of development projects including working for UNICEF and Tata Trust