Project information

Land Acquisition at Greena Moor Nature Reserve

This project would look to acquire and restore 16 hectares of land adjacent to Plantlife’s Greena Moor nature reserve, in order to create a long-lasting legacy for this important natural habitat in North Cornwall.

August 2016 - August 2021

Charity information


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  • Need


    Culm grassland is a unique, internationally important habitat, however it is fast-declining, with 92% of culm grassland lost in the past 100 years and 48% disappearing between 1984 and 1991 alone. Plantlife's Greena Moor nature reserve represents Cornwall's finest surviving area of culm; home to six England Red List vascular plants. However, many of the key species are present in single, small populations; and the site itself is only a fragment of what was once a much more extensive moor.


    There is a need to move from preservation of a landscape fragment and begin piecing together a more extensive area, allowing key species to expand beyond their existing "ghettos", creating an inspirational reserve and a demonstration "hub" for culm grassland restoration in Cornwall. The project would look to acquire and restore 16 hectares of land adjacent to Greena Moor, in order to create a more long-lasting legacy for this important natural habitat in North Cornwall.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    Expanded populations of six England Red List species


    » Acquire and restore 16ha of land adjacent to existing reserve. Restoration will include baseline surveys and botanical enhancement.
    » Installing infrastructure to allow cattle grazing.
    » Site management to further enhance existing reserve.

    Baseline botanical survey, lichen, bryophyte and fungi surveys in year one and five will measure how well the meadow flora responds. Yearly monitoring will continue in between.

    Aim 2

    Creating the largest and best culm grassland site in Cornwall.


    » Acquisition to piece together a more extensive area of habitat.
    » Restoration and maintenance of land including scrub management.
    » Management techniques such as creating pools, cattle grazing.
    » Creating a volunteer team to help manage the site.

    Purchase of 16 hectares of land adjacent to Greena Moor completed and brought into management alongside existing reserve. Currently no equivalent examples existing in Cornwall.

    Aim 3

    A demonstration site to inspire similar projects at other sites.


    » Long term surveys to show effectiveness of management.
    » Land manager demonstrations.
    » Holding community events.

    Land manager demonstrations completed within five year period. Largest culm grassland site (a rare habitat) in Cornwall actively managed. Partnership opportunities increased.

    Aim 4

    Create a welcoming and inspirational plant-rich landscape with high quality access facilities.


    » Enhance access to the site through car parking, fencing, bridges, signage and a downloadable visitor's guide.
    » Creating an enhanced landscape through management works.

    Completed creation of car parking, fencing, bridges, signage and visitor guide by end of year two, allowing better access for visitors.

    Aim 5

    Creating local community engagement with the reserve.


    » Creating a downloadable visitor's guide and online film about the reserve.
    » Holding community events at the reserve.
    » Creating a volunteer team from the local community to help manage the reserve.

    An initial opening event will be held, with five community events delivered by a freelancer each year from year two. Outreach at the reserve will be reassessed in year three.

  • Impact


    Culm grassland is a rare and fast disappearing habitat - 92% has been lost in the past 100 years. This project will secure a future for this important habitat, a rare example in the UK. Additionally, an increase in biodiversity in the area will occur with the expanded population of endangered species. This project will also increase engagement with the local community and present opportunities to educate and inspire people about nature and wild plants, and encourage them to walk and explore.


    1. Unable to recruit sufficient volunteers: Plantlife experienced with working with volunteers and robust systems in place for recruitment, supervision and retention. Ensure suitable support.
    2. Adverse weather conditions delay works: Mitigated by planning work so it is in correct season and allow time for slippage.
    3. Lack of community engagement: well planned community events and resources for the audience. Ensure any events and land purchase promoted widely and work with local partners.


    Written annual reports on progress as per requirements of the donor with the option for donors to come and visit the site.

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £100,000

    Loading graph....
      Amount Heading Description
      £100,000 Land aquisition Cost towards purchase of 16 hectares of land

    Current Funding / Pledges

    Source Amount
    Anonymous trust £25,000 Guaranteed
  • Background


    Week St. Mary, North Cornwall. The parish contains two Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), both noted for their biological interest. Brendonmoor SSSI, in the east of the civil parish, was notified in 1990 and Greenamoor SSSI, also a nature reserve jointly owned by Plantlife and Cornwall Wildlife Trust, was designated in 1992.


    Local community including families, schools and general public. Local biodiversity will benefit and flourish. Academics and conservationists wishing to study the site.

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    Plantlife is the only organisation in the UK dedicated solely to the conservation of wild plants, flowers and fungi. With a track record of successful nature reserves across the UK and our excellent working relationship with partners, the Cornwall Wildlife Trust, Plantlife is well equipped to carry out this work. Our botanists and conservationists are experts in their field and understand the complexities of working on rare habitats.

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    Joe Costley

    Reserves Manager at Plantlife. Joe will lead on the development of Greena Moor as part of Plantlife's wider nature reserves strategy.

    Cornwall Wildlife Trust

    Greena Moor is managed with partners, Cornwall Wildlife Trust.

    Felicity Harris

    Head of Outreach at Plantlife. Felicity will be leading on developing the people engagement aspect of the project and engaging with local communities

    Local Volunteers

    Yet to be recruited but volunteers will be essential in making this project a success and engaging with the local community.