Safe water and sanitation in schools, Tanzania.
Rural, remote schools in Tanzania lack access to clean water and safe sanitation. This grassroots project introduces rainwater harvesting, improved sanitation and related hygiene promotion at 2 impoverished schools. It seeks to challenge existing poor hygiene norms and improve sanitation behaviour.
January 2016 - December 2016
Limited access to clean drinking water and poor sanitation amenities at Tanzanian schools compromises children’s health and ability to concentrate. Schools can act as hubs for disease transmission, damaging children’s physical and mental development. The WHO highlights how school-age children are especially vulnerable to water and sanitation-related diseases, including diarrhoea, which can result in significant absences from school. Fearful of disease, some parents keep their children at home.
Access to water (through rainwater harvesting) & improved sanitation facilities can significantly reduce rates of diarrhoea – up to 36%+. Coupled with the promotion of safe hygiene practices, the benefits of safe water & sanitation can be maximised, & related school-absences reduced.
Schools can play an important role in hygiene promotion: as children practice good sanitation at school, they become powerful agents of change in their communities, spreading messages & good hygiene behaviour.
To provide 2 school communities with access to safe water & sanitation (inc hand washing facilities)
Activities» Renovate existing primary school latrines.
» Build low tech, low cost water saving hand-washing device ‘tippytap’ (rope/pedal operated device) located close to the latrines.
» Introduce rainwater harvesting with new guttering, drainage and water storage including 2 x 1000 litre water sim tanks.
Success will be the existence of renovated latrines, rainwater harvesting and storage, and hand washing facilities at 2 remote primary schools.
To motivate pupils & staff to change hygiene behaviour reducing opportunities for disease to spread.
Activities» Run two hygiene training workshops for pupils and staff per school, focusing single-mindedly on hand washing with soap at critical times.
» Demonstrate how to build and how to use ‘tippytaps’ for hand washing at the hygiene training workshops.
» Collaborate/support school's headteacher as lead facilitator on the promotion of safer sanitation practices at school.
» Supply schools with educational hygiene promotion resources, such as posters.
Success will be staff and pupils’ safe hygiene behaviour evidenced through the use of maintained latrines and hand-washing facilities, observations and feedback.
To build school/community capacity to maintain and sustain safe water and sanitation facilities.
Activities» Hold a school/community consultation to share plans for the introduction of rainwater harvesting and improved latrines, and to harness local support.
» Agree how the school/school committee will take responsibility for maintenance of the latrines, water supply & tippytap.
» Agree a strategy with headteachers for the future sustainability of the initiative: on-going cascade of hygiene messages built into the curriculum.
Evidence of maintained sanitation & water facilities, will be the on-going use of rainwater harvesting/storage, latrines & hand-washing facilities, through observations & feedback.
To inform and motivate the wider local community to practice safe hygiene behaviour.
Activities» Run a basic hygiene training workshop with local community members to ensure awareness and understanding, and to promote safe hygiene practices.
» Encourage school children to advocate safe hygiene behaviour practised at school, in their home environments.
Success will be the take up of safer sanitation practises evidenced through community feedback and observations.
Access to water at school means previously accepted and normalised poor hygiene behaviour, can now be challenged and replaced with safer sanitation practises – both at school and at home. Fewer school days will be lost to poor hygiene-related diseases.
This will be demonstrated through monitoring the existence of water facilities, their on-going use and maintenance, along with school attendance and enrollment. It will include pupil, staff and community feedback and observations.
Harvested rainwater may become contaminated and unsuitable for drinking. This will be addressed by educating schools as to the risks, advising on effective maintenance and advocating the use of available water purification tablets.
Hand-washing at the tippytaps is only possible if they hold water. Agreement for a daily refill rota forms part of the project’s training workshops.
Tippytap water containers may be stolen, and will need to be taken down and secured during holiday periods.
Donor reporting will be on a six monthly basis sent via email (or as donors require), providing updates, feedback and photos of both ongoing and forthcoming project activities. Any unanticipated project developments or changes will be reported.
Budget - Project Cost: £12,198Loading graph....
Amount Heading Description £4,374 Latrines - safe sanitation Renovation of existing 8-10 pupil latrines x 2 schools £3,724 Clean Water Guttering, drainage & water storage (sim tanks) to provide rainwater harvesting x 2 schools £1,200 Hygiene Training - handwashing School liaison, handwashing workshops, build of tippytap (inc training resources) at 2 schools £1,200 School/Community Engagement Consultations/capacity building, monitoring, observations, promotional materials at 2 schools £1,700 Direct Project Staff costs Tanzanian Project Manager/Tanzanian Build Site Manager. UK Programme Manager - overall project mngmt
The Mtwara region is one of the poorest & most rural in Tanzania. The majority of families are subsistence farmers, where drought & food security are major issues. Oil & Gas have been discovered off the coast, but wealth has not filtered into the region. Schools face an inordinate lack of basic resources: teachers, desks, books, latrines. Educational achievement is low: 44% passed the Primary School Leaving Exam in Mtwara v 75% in Dar es Salaam. It is one of the poorest countries in the world.
There is c.400 children aged 7-13 years & 10 teachers at each school, plus 75 pre-school children aged 4-6 years. Both schools are located in rural & impoverished settings with village populations of 10,000 and 6,000 respectively. Families are mostly subsistence farmers with little/no cash income. Many of the children live within extended families as parents move away to find work, or having lost one or both parents to disease. Hygiene promotion & clean water will also be available to villagers.
EdUKaid has undertaken research into local practices and cultural attitudes to sanitation. We have strong partnerships with local schools and the education authority. Our staff are well trained to deliver hygiene training and we have successfully completed similar WASH projects at 5 schools. Positive feedback reflects pupils’ take up of new, safer hygiene practise: hand-washing after latrine trips, and a wider community will to improve hygiene behaviour at home.
Read more about the Charity running this project.
Clare Nolan, UK Programme Manager (MSc) - Staff Member
Clare has extensive experience of overseas development in Southern Tanzania & has overall project responsibility. She has worked with EdUKaid for 3yrs
Ally Simber, Tanzanian Project Manager - Staff Member
Ally will project manage activities from Tanzania, including build work & expenditure, training, school liaison, monitoring and feedback to the UK.
Mr Fidelis, Singino Primary Headteacher - Partner
Mr Fidelis identified how no access to water compromises the promotion of safe hygiene practises at school, despite their inclusion in the curriculum.
Mrs Nambimbi, Imekuwa Headteacher - Partner
Mrs Nambimbi is keen to have the facilities to improve sanitation and children's well being. Both heads have agreed to be lead facilitators at school.
will pay for hygiene workshops at one school.
Without access to water and basic facilities we, as headteachers, cannot make sure children wash their hands. We want to, but water is a missing link.