Project information

Supporting Maasai Girls Education in Tanzania

Pre-form 1 is a highly successful residential summer school which supports 100 Maasai girls in Tanzania through the risky transition from primary to secondary school; when girls are often forced to marry. It increases enrolment and retention and addresses the lack of female teachers in the region.

January 2014 - December 2017

Charity information: African Initiatives

African Initiatives logo
  • Need


    In pastoralist, Maasai society, girls are discriminated against. The illiteracy rate in the remote Ngorongoro region is around 75% and women are worst affected. Pastoralist school attendance rates are very low compared to the national average and only 30% of girls attend secondary school. Girls are more likely to drop out, especially at the transition from primary to secondary school when many are forced into marriage instead. Education quality is poor and there are very few female teachers.


    This project combats entrenched gender discrimination and encourages communities to send girls to school and support their education. Extra tuition fills the gap between Swahili primary school and English-speaking secondary so that girls gain confidence, have better results and fewer girls drop out. Training more female teachers provides girls with sorely-needed role-models. As more girls go on to gain professional qualifications including teacher training, the project creates a virtuous circle.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    To increase the number of girls enrolling in secondary school.


    » Support a three month long pre-secondary school tuition centre at Emanyata School for 100 girls per year.
    » Community outreach work to influence the attitudes of community members and leaders, as well as the sexual behaviour of morans (maasai warriors).
    » Empower parents to protect girls and break down the barriers to education such as early and forced marriage and teenage pregnancies.
    » Decrease discriminatory cultural practices that affect enrolment through community outreach work.

    There will be a higher ratio of girls:boys enrolling. Currently this is around a 60:40 split with a large number of girls dropping out after this point.

    Aim 2

    To improve performance of girls in exams in primary and secondary school.


    » Support and tuition for girls to become academically strong through the Pre-Form 1 programme running from October to December.
    » Improve teaching and competency in Kiswahili and 1 foreign language for students.
    » Increase the number of female teachers to support girls throughout their schooling.

    More girls passing exams and able to register for secondary school. More girls completing exams at the end of secondary school.

    Aim 3

    To increase the quality of teaching across 15 schools.


    » Provide professional development training to 30 teachers in 15 schools
    » Increase the number of teachers that actually have a professional teaching qualification from 50% to 70%

    70% of teachers at school will be fully qualified to do their jobs

    Aim 4

    To increase the number of female teachers


    » Training and supporting 30 local women to be teachers at primary and secondary schools in 15 local government schools.
    » Our partner PWC will work with schools to reduce gender discrimination against female teachers.

    An increase in female teachers from 20% to 40%. For many schools it will be the first time they employ female teachers, providing inspiration for girls to further their education.

    Aim 5

    To increase awareness in communities and improve attitudes towards a girls' right to an education.


    » Continue rights advocacy campaign in the district.
    » Influence the District and Pastoral Council to increase their budget for education/girls education.

    Following lobbying by PWC, local government will provide additional resources to schools and increase their budgets, especially those that support girls education.

  • Impact


    Education is one of the most effective methods for breaking poverty cycles. The education of women specifically is proven to change whole communities.

    The project will help break down some of the biggest barriers to girls going to school and receiving the kind of education they deserve, with support of qualified, female teachers.

    This will in turn equip them for a future in which they can support themselves, their families and their communities. The repercussions will be long term and lasting


    Cultural beliefs and traditions are not something that can be changed overnight so without the support of the parents, communities and wider district the project could fail. However, our partner, the Pastoral Women's Council (PWC) are Maasai women from the district and have a longstanding relationship with the beneficiaries and key stakeholders of the project. This mutual respect should ensure its success.


    6 monthly and annual reports are prepared.
    Feedback and stories of beneficiaries in the Annual review and newsletters
    Social Media blogs and posts via facebook
    African Initiatives' website

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £201,512

    Loading graph....
      Amount Heading Description
      £21,656 Pre Form One 3 month's of school for 100 children
      £39,816 Training Teacher training
      £29,448 Outreach Community outreach and workshops
      £15,297 Lobbying Lobbying and Advocacy
      £15,105 Office Costs/Audit Annual audit, office costs, admin, transport
      £54,276 Project and Field Staff Including 1 Full time Project Officer
      £25,914 Capacity Building/M & E M & E, Workshops,training and monitoring

    Current Funding / Pledges

    Source Amount
    Comic Relief £129,585 Guaranteed
    MPM Trust £4,000 Guaranteed
    Joe Franklin Trust £3,000 Guaranteed
  • Background


    The project is located in the Ngorongoro District of northern Tanzania with our partner PWC's main office located in Loliondo.


    Although this is a 5 year project, each year's funding will mean:
    100 Maasai children will directly benefit from the pre-form 1 programme
    3,875 students will benefit annually from improved teaching.
    6455 girls will be reached through community advocacy.
    30 female teachers will be trained.

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    African Initiatives works in partnership with small grass-roots organisations to deliver vital projects identified and implemented by Africans. Together we enable individuals and communities to claim their rights, with a focus on long-term impact and on women. Our success is demonstrated in that we are supported by funders such as DfID and Comic Relief. We are proud that 94p from every pound donated goes directly to overseas projects. Since our inception, our work has changed thousands of lives.

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    Maanda Ngoitiko

    Maanda is the Director /Founder of our partner the Pastoral Women's Council. As a Maasai herself she understands fully the issues we are addressing.


provides a girl with educational materials