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Project information

Enough is Enough - End Caste and Gender Violence

This is a campaign to end caste violence against women and girls in India. We hear of only some of the atrocities that take place regularly in India.

Karuna is working, through our grassroots partners, to end this violence, to support and empower victims, and to make sure they get justice.

April 2015 - March 2016

Charity information: Karuna Trust

Karuna Trust logo
  • Need


    The caste and gender hierarchies in India mean that low caste women are routinely victims of the worst violence.

    Often they have no support, no-one to advocate for them, no means of redress. According to India’s National Crime Records Bureau, 4 Dalit (lowest caste) women are raped every day. In some places this violence can be completely normalised - an accepted part of the way society is ordered.


    Karuna is running this campaign through 2 grassroots partners.

    The Human Rights Law Network train women survivors of rapes as paralegals, so they can access legal aid themselves and get justice.

    Urja provides shelter and support to girls who have escaped situations of violence and abuse and ended up homeless in Mumbai. These girls are invariably from low-caste backgrounds and have nowhere else to go.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    To pursue 6 'Public interest Litigation' cases to help the poor and marginalised.


    » Fact finding and consultation with the victims and community.
    » Collecting documents helpful for the case and drafting a petition.
    » Working with representatives from a NGO or civil society organisation to sign the petition.
    » Filing the petition and pursuing it in either the state high court or supreme court of India.

    What success will look like

    Success will be demonstrated by

    • Number of positive court orders obtained
    • Media coverage
    • Number of people benefited in cases on atrocities against Dalits

    Aim 2

    30 cases of individual litigation taken up for victims of caste atrocities.


    » Cases of violence, rape and other atrocities taken up. Specific activities will depend on the nature of the case.

    What success will look like

    Success will be demonstrated by:

    • Number of positive court orders obtained
    • Media coverage
    • Number of people benefited in cases on atrocities against Dalits

    Aim 3

    Training over 100 advocates from the victim community to be able to fight for justice.


    » Training in theory and practice of PIL and other litigation for atrocities and rapes.

    What success will look like

    Success will be demonstrated by

    • Training meeting reports
    • List of participants
    • Media coverage
    • Number of atrocities cases taken up by lawyers

    Aim 4

    Care, counselling, support and shelter for 150 homeless girls and women victims of violence.


    » Outreach - this is done to find runaway girls in the nearby railway terminus before they are picked up by traffickers or others.
    » Counselling - providing individual counselling for these girls and women so they can understand and come to terms with what has happened.
    » Day and Night shelter - providing a safe and protective environment for girls to stay when they have nowhere else to go.
    » Health and Nutrition - health check ups of physical and psychological wellbeing, and provision of nutritious food 3 times a day.

    What success will look like

    Girls will be healthy, informed, independent and able to make a new life for themselves.

  • Impact


    The filing of Public Interest Litigations will bring national attention to those cases.

    Individual litigation will provide justice in those individual cases but also set social and legal precedents.

    The training of community activists will give power back to those communities to be able to redress caste based violence and atrocities.

    Girls would find the support and confidence to find new lives for themselves. Urja also influences local government departments handling such issues.


    Risks include assaults by dominant communities during and after litigation and pressure from state governments preventing the victims from seeking justice.

    HRLN are very experienced however in training activists and creating networks so that such risks are mitigated.

    The main risks for the rehabilitation of the girls can come from abusive families who want them to come back, as well as pimps and traffickers in Mumbai. Urja however, has a good relationship with local authorities.


    Karuna will report with a 6 monthly update and an annual review of the project.

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £52,000

    Loading graph....
      Amount Heading Description
      £13,733 HRLN Salaries Project co-ordinator, accountant, social worker
      £5,867 Trainings/Meetings/Workshops 6 state level trainings, 1 national consultation
      £3,867 PIL/Legal Aid/Research 6 Public Interest Litigation, 30 individual cases
      £3,000 HRLN Travel Costs Travel
      £5,279 Urja Management, Development Rent, Electricity, Admin, Telephone, Computer, Stationary, Staff Travel and Training
      £11,132 Urja Renumeration Teachers, Counsellors, Team Leader, Social Worker
      £4,009 Night Shelter and Rehab Rent, Utility, Maintenance, Case Interventions, Camps
      £5,113 Karuna Admin Out of country administration, capacity building, monitoring
  • Background


    Human Rights Law Network work across India but this project works in the poorest states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra.

    Urja's shelter is by Dadar station, on of the biggest terminus' in Mumbai, where many vulnerable girls come in with nowhere to go.


    Dalit women from across India who have suffered violence will have their cases taken up, be trained to advocate for their rights, and be given shelter and support to rebuild their lives.

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    The Karuna Trust has been working with Dalit communities in India for over 30 years.

    We have gained experience at helping grassroots partners work with their own communities in the most appropriate ways.

    In the last decade we have supported these Dalit communities in advocating for their rights.

    Through all our work there is the understanding that if real change is to come about, people need not only material or legal help, but to change their attitudes.

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    Colin Golsalves

    Colin is a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India and the founder director of Human Rights Law Network.

    Deepali Kamble

    Deepali Kamble is the head of Urja project. Coming from a poor Dalit background herself, she is able to understand the lives of the girls she helps.

Deepali talks about the runaway girls project