Project information

Improving living conditions in Angola's slums

Angola’s prolonged war and rapid urbanisation means that half of its capital city’s 6 million residents live in slums. We are working with poor communities, helping them to engage with government to bring about improved services, better living conditions and a reduction in urban poverty.

April 2011 - March 2015

Charity information

Homeless International

Homeless International logo
  • Need


    Of Luanda’s 6 million residents, 50% lack clean drinking water, 40% have no toilet, 40% live in temporary, overcrowded shacks and 80% have no secure tenure, making them vulnerable to shack demolition and forced eviction. Health is poor and life expectancy low. The government’s planning and service provision is based on inadequate needs assessment and does not involve residents, resulting in inappropriate and ineffectual services that fail to meet the needs of the growing number of slum dwellers.


    The project will support residents of Luanda's poorest slums to:
    • Assess their own community’s needs
    • Negotiate with government and influence planning and service delivery
    • Advocate for pro-poor changes in legislation
    • Work jointly with government and service providers on infrastructure improvements

    Together, these actions will result in improved living conditions; the target 3 areas will see a 50% increase in those with access to clean water and a 15% increase in sanitation.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    Slum dwellers in 3 target areas working together and evaluating their housing and service needs


    » Establishing and strengthening community groups and sharing understanding of rights and entitlements related to housing and service provision
    » Surveys and mapping conducted to provide accurate data on current residents numbers, living conditions and service provision
    » Supporting community groups to identify improvements needed to their settlements and to develop practical solutions

    Success: New community groups registered and attending and presenting at meetings with government armed with accurate survey data about their slum settlements.

    Aim 2

    Influence local goverment planning, policy and decision making on issues affecting slum communities


    » Work with slum community groups to foster the skills, understanding and confidence to engage with government and service providers.
    » Improve communication between those in power and slum residents by establishing meetings/forums at which they can meet and discuss.
    » Support slum community groups to present their proposals and advocate for pro-poor changes in policy and practice (e.g. joint delivery of services)

    Success: examples of government incorporating proposals from community groups in planning, giving greater budget focus to slums and enacting policy change.

    Aim 3

    Improved living conditions - secure tenure, better shelter, access to clean water and decent toilet


    » Slum communities working collaboratively with government/service providers leading to housing and service improvements

    Success: surveys show improvements - the target areas will see a 50% increase in residents with access to clean water, 15% increase in access to sanitation and 40% to electricity.

  • Impact


    The project will directly benefit 2.2 million people through sustainable improvements in living conditions. A further 3.4 million slum dwellers will benefit in the long term through pro-poor changes in policy and practice at local and national government levels. By fostering positive collaboration between government and slum residents, the project will ensure that all future decision making is informed by consideration of the needs and rights of slum dwellers.


    With a history of war and centralised government, there is a risk that communities may fear challenging government. The project will address this by promoting constructive engagement rather than a confrontational approach. There is also a risk that community representatives could be co-opted by powerful, self- interested groups. The project will ensure the fair election of community representatives and promote regular community-wide meetings.


    Homeless International provides DFID (existing part funder of this initiative) with expenditure and narrative reports. Other donors will also be kept informed of progress via our website, newsletters and annual report.

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £40,179

    Loading graph....
      Amount Heading Description
      £13,776 Organisational costs Local staff, office costs and transport (local partner - Development Workshop Angola)
      £22,468 Project Activities Survey, community training, goverment meetings, information dissemination, monitoring and evaluation
      £3,935 Overheads Homeless International project support

    Current Funding / Pledges

    Source Amount
    DFID (UK Aid) £452,315 Conditional
  • Background


    Luanda, located on the south-west coast of Africa, is the capital and largest city in Angola. It is home to over six million Angolans (around 1/3 of the population), 53% of whom live in poverty. Living conditions in Luanda are poor for most of the people, with essential services such as safe drinking water and electricity still in short supply. Poverty is deep-rooted and the effect of this is compounded by severe overcrowding particularly in the slum settlements.


    The project beneficiaries are residents of slums in three very poor areas of Luanda: Cazenga (1.8 million people), Cacuaco (760,000 people) and Sambizanga (422,500 people). People living in these areas typically live in very poor conditions on less than £2 per day.

    Homeless International works in partnership with a local organisation - Development Workshop Angola - with whom the project is being implemented.

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    We are the only UK organisation focussed solely on the challenge of living conditions in urban slums. We have over 20 years experience working with local organisations to deliver quality housing with tenure security, sanitation provision and access to clean water for some of the world’s poorest people. We have a strong partnership with Development Workshop Angola, who are the country’s longest established non-governmental organisation and are at the forefront in the fight against urban poverty.

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    Target Slum Residents And Their Representative Community Groups

    Slums residents will be at the forefront of many project activities - slum surveys, engaging with government - their role is vital.

    Development Workshop Angola (DWA)

    DWA is our local partner in Angola and they will be crucial in providing support to slum community groups and advocating with government

    Adeyemi Oyewumi

    Head of Development Programmes at Homeless International who will oversee the project and work closely with Development Workshop Angola