Haiti Cholera Emergency Response
Haiti was shaken to the core by the devastating earthquake of January 2010. Ten months later, the first cases of cholera in 80 years were reported in the north-west of the country. There have been 274,418 cases of cholera reported to date, and 4,787 people have died. Plan is taking action to help.
October 2010 - June 2012
Ten months after the devasting earthquake of January 2010, the people of Haiti faced a fresh challenge as the first cases of cholera in 80 years were reported in the north-west of the country. With limited water and sanitation and with over a million people still living in camp conditions, the cholera outbreak quickly took hold, growing into an epidemic by the end of 2010. Plan's response remains an urgent priority, as, with the start of the rainy season in June, the situation is set to worsen.
Plan's expertise in water and sanitation and our well-established presence in communies meant that we were ideally situated to take immediate action to help the people of Haiti contain and survive the epidemic. We are helping local health facilities cope with the outbreak, spreading awareness of how to avoid and treat cholera, and improving water and sanitation infrastructure. We have been working with communities where facilities are particularly poor - in remote areas and camps.
To support local health services to cope with the epidemic
Activities» Providing medical supplies and equipment
» Setting up, staffing and helping to run 76 Oral Rehydration Points, 18 Cholera Treatment Units and one hospital-level Cholera Treatment Centre
» Training 1,203 health workers in how to manage and maintain facilities
Health facilities will be adquately staffed with trained personnel, with sufficient supplies to treat cholera patients or successfully refer them to a higher-level facility.
Public awareness-raising and prevention measures
Activities» Distributing hygiene kits and cholera prevention kits to families and schools, containing soap, water containers, rehydration salts and chlorine.
» Carrying awareness raising on how to recognise and treat cholera through door-to-door visits, radio campaigns and the Cholera Awareness Bus.
» Carrying out decontamination and cleaning in 5,576 households affected by cholera to minimise the spread of the disease
» Taining community volunteers on spreading positive hygiene messages, as well as distributing 63,935 pieces of government-approved awareness material
Children and families will be equipped to protect themselves against cholera, recognise the relevant symptoms and take the correct meaures to treat and contain the disease.
Improving water and sanitation to halt the spread of cholera
Activities» Supporting local people to take on latrine cleaning in the largest of the displaced persons camps, housing 11,000 people, through Cash-For-Work scheme
» Installing new water storage tanks and latrines in schools to ensure safe drinking water and adequate sanitation for children
» Fundraising for more new boreholes within communities to ensure sustainable access to safe drinking water. Each borehole costs around US$15,000
» Undertaking long-term community-led sanitation projects to improve health and hygiene in poor communities and prevent future outbreaks of cholera.
Access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation - together with awareness of the causes of cholera - will help contain the epidemic and prevent future outbreaks.
Following our urgent work to contain the epidemic, Plan's community-focussed work on improving hygiene and sanitation in Haiti's poorest communities will have a lasting positive effect for generations to come.
In March 2011, an alert was issued jointly by the Haitian government and the UN, warning of an expected surge in cholera cases during the rainy season. Beginning in June, the wet months are expected to bring torrential rain and flooding, causing contamination of drinking water and affecting sanitation. Plan will continue to work directly with communities to ensure they are aware of the causes and treatment for cholera and to improve water and sanitation infrastructure.
Due to the magnitude of the cholera emergency, Plan will keep donors updated on the situation through updates on our website. If you have any questions about our work on cholera, please don't hesitate to get in touch with us on 0300 777 9777.
Budget - Project Cost: £6,599,573Loading graph....
Amount Heading Description £1,493,851 Staff and support Field personnel, extra staff, cholera experts, secondments £459,240 Community awareness Community sensitisation on nutrition, health and sanitation £2,577,682 Health Strengthening local health facilities,medical supplies and equipment, prevention and hygiene kits £909,600 Latrines Community-led latrine building, facilitating latrine cleaning in camps, hygiene support for schools £1,159,200 Support costs Programme support and administration
Current Funding / Pledges
Source Amount Plan donors around the world £4,200,000 Guaranteed
Haiti shares an island with the Dominican Republic in the Caribbean and has had a tublent history of conflict. Its fragile economy was rocked by the devastating earthquake of 2010 which destroyed countless homes and much of the country's infrastructure. Plan has been working in Haiti at a grassroots level for the past 39 years. After the earthquake, we provided emergency aid for 39,000 people before starting a long-term rebuilding and rehabilitation programme.
Plan works directly with disadvantaged communities in Haiti, particularly with those still living in temporary settlements and camps after the earthquake, and those in remote rural areas. These are the people at the most risk of cholera, without the knowledge to avoid or contain the disease and lacking access to basic but life-saving treatment. By raising awareness and making key improvements in local infrastructure, Plan is helping Haiti's poorest people control and survive the epidemic.
Plan is one of the largest global children’s charities. For over 70 years we’ve been taking action and standing up for every child’s right to fulfil their potential by:
giving children a healthy start in life
securing the education of girls and boys
working with communities to prepare for and survive disasters
inspiring children to take a lead in decisions that affect their lives
enabling families to earn a living and plan for their children’s future.
Read more about the Charity running this project.
Plan's Disaster And Emergencies Programme
Last year, Plan carried out disaster responses in 22 countries. Our work protects children and families and helps communities recover from disasters.