Project information

Conserving orangutans outside protected areas

Long-term conservation of the Belantikan Hulu Water-catchment Ecosystem in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Ensuring the provision of its ecological services for the sustainable economic development of local communities and the continued survival of its biodiversity, including wild orangutan populations.

June 2011 - May 2013

Charity information: Orangutan Foundation

Orangutan Foundation logo
  • Need


    Currently the Belantikan forests have no protected status and most of the area is a logging concession. Slash and burn agriculture, iron ore mining and over-logging pose real threats to the area and wildlife. Hunting of wildlife including the orangutan and wild ox poses an additonal threat to these endangered species.

    Hence, it is vital for conservation activities to be continually guarding against these possibilities and to build up strong stakeholder support to protect these forests


    This two-year project aims to establish the conditions for the long-term conservation of the Belantikan Hulu Water-catchment Ecosystem in Central Kalimantan through: a conservation campaign to protect and conserve orangutans and other wildlife; promoting sustainable agriculture; wildlife research and the establishment of a Research and Education Forest; seeking a formal agreement with main stakeholders to protect the Belantikan Hulu area.

  • Aims

    Aim 1

    Protect this critical habitat of the Bornean orangutan and other endangered wildlife species.


    » Conduct research on wildlife populations and seek approval for a Research & Education Forest area
    » Seek formal agreement with main stakeholders to protect the Belantikan Hulu area
    » Promote the issuance of a district government regulation for protection of the Belantikan Hulu area

    Agreement between the Lamandau District Government, Yayorin, the private sector companies and local communities, recognising the importance of Belantikan Hulu.

    Aim 2

    Improve sustainable economic development opportunities for the local people


    » Promote settled agriculture through agro-forestry
    » Train villagers to process & market agricultural products
    » Develop and promote nature & cultural tourism
    » Conduct research that supports community development

    50% of households in 4 target villages stop slash-and-burn shifting cultivation. 30% of households adopt permanent cultivation based on organic agro-forestry.

    Aim 3

    Reduce hunting of endangered species, especially hunting for the trade in orangutans and wild ox.


    » Carry out campaign using social marketing methods to conserve orangutans and wild ox and their habitats.
    » Support will be sought from villagers to not hunt orangutan or banteng

    30% of households in 4 target villages in agree not to hunt orangutan or wild ox, and the level of poaching orangutan reduced by 50%.

  • Impact


    This approach to biodiversity conservation in forests outside protected areas, involving cooperation and agreement with all main stakeholders, is relevant for replication elsewhere, particularly in Kalimantan, where 75% of orangutans live outside conservation areas. No other projects are addressing this situation.


    There are no ongoing security, political or economic threats. Working in remote tropical forest locations always has a low risk but there are no specific risks to personnel for this project. All staff are covered under the government run social security system, covering death or accident. Weak support from government is unlikely. A Presidential announcement in 2010, chose Central Kalimantan as Indonesia’s first REDD+ pilot province, following an agreement between Norway and Indonesia


    Reporting can be tailored to donor’s requirements. Unless specified 6 monthly progress reports and a final project report after two years with updates on stories as and when they occur. Reports accompanied with photos and video footage.

  • Budget

    Budget - Project Cost: £106,782

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      Amount Heading Description
      £57,777 Salaries 14 local staff (part and full time) over 2 yrs
      £11,775 Transport Local transport (flights, boats, fuel)
      £10,770 Logistics Equipment (camera trap), communications
      £10,620 Meetings Stakeholder, government, community
      £10,390 Publicity Campaign material, booklets, adverts
      £5,450 Technical advice Agroforestry techniques and demonstrations

    Current Funding / Pledges

    Source Amount
    Rufford Foundation £4,000 Guaranteed
    Hope4apes £4,000 Guaranteed
  • Background


    The Belantikan Hulu region is one of the most important forested areas remaining in Central Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. It consists of both lowland forests and dipterocarpaceae highland forest. Belantikan is categorized as “critical orangutan habitat” and as “High Conservation Value Forest” and is a vital water catchment area.
    Latitude -1.367º to -1.658º S, Longitude 111.247º to 111.707º E


    Local villages will benefit from the community empowerment actions that aim to increase their medium to long-term economic development opportunities in a sustainable manner. Protection of the watershed is vital for communities living downstream. The Belantikan forests contain huge stores of bio-carbon and it is vitally important to maintain these by preventing deforestation .

  • Why Us?

    Why Us?

    Orangutan Foundation has undertaken/overseen projects in Central Kalimantan for 20 years and is registered with Indonesia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Department of Forestry. Our partner, Yayorin, as implementing organisation, is a registered local Foundation (Yayasan) that has been working in Belantikan for over six years, and already has permission of local communities and concessionaire (PT Karda Traders).

    Read more about the Charity running this project.


    Ashley Leiman OBE

    With over 20 years of experience in orangutan conservation, Orangutan Foundation Director, Ashley Leiman OBE is the Project Leader.

    Eddy Santoso -Project Manager

    The BCP team in Indonesia will comprise 14 people under the responsibility of Yayorin Director, Eddy Santoso, acting as Project Manager

Bornean orangutan - photo by Ian Wood

Bornean orangutan - photo by Ian Wood

I've seen firsthand your wonderful work. May your past successes encourage you and give you the strength to tackle what lies ahead

Sir David Attenborough